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Galang Camp (kampung vietnam) is the site of 80 acre located on Galang Island, Batam in Riau Province where 250.000 Vietnamese refugees were housed from 1979 to 1996 thanks to the generous hospitality and compassion of the Indonesian people. In the mid-1970s, after the end of the so long Vietnam War, the world faced serious refugee problem. This was expecially with the collapse of South Vietnam to North Vietnam (Vietkong), also the chaotic situation in Cambodia, cased many people started to worry about the situation and then to flee. As they left by any means at hand, there was a wave of so called Boat People - men, women, and children - who fled in small, leaky vessels into the open sea and these refugees became a matter of international concern and attention.

Indonesia was the only country in SE Asia that responded to the urgent International appeals to take these refugees in and it agreed to become a transit point for the Vietnamese as they waited to be processed to be accepted by third countries. Galand island, which is located about 50km south of Batam Island about half hour by ferry from Singapore, was chosen as the spot where administrative centers, housing and barracks, medical clinics, houses of whorships, schools, traning facilities, graveyards, and other necessary facilities were set up to house and process the Vietnamese refugees.

Over a period of eithteen years, with the generous support of the international community and especially the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), about 170.000 - 249.000 Vietnamese were sheltered and protected at Galang Island, and the Republic of Indonesia represented by Military Sea Lift Operation had managed to return more than 5000 refugees to their country and with many going on to establish new lives in many parts of the world. Sadly, the problem of refugees fleeing their countries is still very much a topic of humanatarian concern and international attention today in Asia and round the world. Therefore, it is timely that this very important value which Camp Vietnam in Galang Island has, to be commemorated as a heritage site chapter in modern SE Asian history by declaring Camp Vietnam a site of historical importance and open to the general public. While retaining its historical character and heritage, the site has been made interesting for visitors with guides and interpretation facilities to allow people to come and reflect on what happended there, and what lessons can be learned for the future

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